I have started the date of the Christian church from when Peter is given the leadership directly after Jesus’ resurrection
Bold date are those known to be correct, all other dates are suggested
- Jesus gives followers their purpose which is to preach The Word to all people across the world. Matthew 28:18-end
- Jesus asks Peter to care for his Lambs. John 21:15-19
- Jesus leaves the disciples and goes to Heaven. Acts 1:9
- 120 followers meet as a group to pray and make decisions Acts 1:14; 21-end
- Judas is replaced, Matthias chosen by lots. Acts 1:22
- Pentecost giving The Holy Spirit. 50 days after Passover; Celebrating God’s giving the Ten Commandments at Mount Sinai, 49 days after the Exodus. Acts 2: 1-4.
- The first mission Peter preaches and 3,000 Jews join Acts 2: 5-42
- Early fellowship miracles, sharing worship and wealth Acts 2:43-end
- Church grows to 5,000 Jews accepting Jesus as the Messiah. Acts 4:4
- Peter heals cripple – first trial is let go with warnings. Acts 3:6 – 4:19
- Barnabas a Levite from Cyprus joins the church Acts 4:36-37
- Apostles put in prison, escape and preach again, rearrested. Acts 5:17-32
- Gamaliel sets them free – but were whipped first. Acts 5:33-34;38-end
- Gentiles create problems, first hierarchy 7 new leaders Stephen. Acts 6:1-4; 6
36AD Pontius Pilate replaced by Marcellus.
37AD Emperor Tiberius dies
37AD Reign of Emperor Caligula (Gaius) 4 years
- First martyr Stephen by Saul – Stephen, full of the Holy Spirit, looked up to heaven and said, “I see heaven open and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God.” They all rushed at him, dragged him out of the city and stoned him. Acts 7
- Persecution of the church Saul Acts 8:1-3
- New church started away from Jerusalem in Antioch Acts 8:4-6; 14
- Church goes to the half Jews in Samaria by Philip Acts 8:27-30; 36-38
- Saul’s conversion goes to Tarsus and Time of peace Acts 9:3-6: 31
40AD Caligula ordered people to worship him as a tangible living god, and to have his statue erected the Temple of Jerusalem Jews rioted
41AD Emperor Caligula assassinated
41AD Roman Emperor Claudius @ 48ys 15 years
- Cornelius calls for Peter. Acts 9:32; 10:5
- Peter’s vision – Mission to Gentiles. Acts 10:11-13: 19-21
- Barnabas at Antioch & collects Saul. Acts 11:22-25
- Severe famine Predicted. Acts 11:28
42-50AD Severe famine in Claudius reign
43AD Romans began conquest of Britain
- King Herod starts persecution James killed at Pentecost Acts 12:1-2
- Christianity spreads to Antioch in Syria, Jordan, Alexandria in Egypt, Ethiopia, Asia Minor (now Turkey)
- 44AD Herod Agrippa’s Death at Caesarea Acts 12:23
- Barnabas and Saul/Paul sent to Cyprus. Acts 13:2-3
- 1st mission to Turkey (B&P) Perga, Iconium, Lystra, Derbe, Acts 13/14
- Paul & Barnabas back to Antioch. Acts 14:26-27
- Circumcision council Acts 15:1, 5, 19
- Barnabas & Paul argue and part on separate missions. Acts 15: 39-40
- Paul shows himself a hypocrite having Timothy circumcised Acts 16:1,3
- Lydia a leading business women conversion. Acts 16:14
- Prison officer converted and Paul baptises family. Acts 16:33
- As the Christian movement began to accept non-Jewish members, it moved further away from the strict rules imposed on Jews and in so doing, it gradually became a new and separate religion.
- Stories of Jesus’ life start to be written Possible by Peter– Q
- AD48 census found 5,984,072 Roman citizens
49AD Claudius excludes Christians from Rome Acts 18:1-2
The Christian communion was mistaken as cannibalism, and preaching all are within the family of God loving one another as brothers and sister as incest.
- Paul in Athens. Acts 17:16
- 51AD Felix becomes Procurator
- Paul in Corinth starts the church 1.5 years. Acts 18:1
- 52AD Herod Agrippa II given Tetrarchy of Trachonitis
- Thomas the Disciple lands in India on November 21
- Paul meets Aquila & Priscilla. Acts 18:18
- Men still following John The Baptist, Acts 19:3,
- Paul teaching for 2 years in Ephesus. Acts 19: 10
- Apollos from Egypt spoke about Jesus from John the Baptist Acts 19:25-25
- Christian teaching was Jesus was both human and divine, with the Greeks influence there started growing Gnostic beliefs, that he was divine only, but appeared human and that the Old Testament was now unnecessary. Also they shunned the material world requiring personal poverty, sexual abstinence (Its influence in Christian theology grew to encourage reclusive living, hermits, searching for wisdom by helping others, abstainers and into the priesthood and monastic life, friars, monks, nuns)
54AD Emperor Claudius died aged 63
54AD Roman Emperor Nero aged 17
- Pauls mission traveling to many cities & churches Acts 20 -23
- Paul goes to Jerusalem The early Christians preached the second coming of a Messiah which did not conform to the Jewish religious teachings
- 58AD Paul imprisoned at Caesarea by Felix Acts 24:23
- Peter Goes to Rome with Mark to build up church, leaves Clement as bishop in his place, there are now Christian churches across the Roman Empire, Syria, Turkey, Greece, Egypt, Italy, France and Spain starts to write Mark’s Gospel from ‘Q’
- Peter Writes his two letters
- 60AD Festus becomes Procurator
- 60AD Paul sent to Rome by Festus
- 61AD Paul a prisoner in Rome Starts writing letters
- 62AD James brother of Jesus – Killed
- 64AD The fire in Rome – summer 19th July
- 64AD Nero’s Christian persecution 20th July He arrested and tortured all the Christians in Rome, then executing them with lavish publicity. Some were crucified, some were thrown to wild animals and others were burned alive as living torches.
- 64AD John arrested sent to Patmos salt mines
- 65AD Christianity was recognized as a separate religion from Judaism
- 66-70AD Jews rise up against the Romans,
- Procurators Florus (64-66AD) robs Temple, revolt taking Jerusalem and Masada. Sacrifices in behalf of the emperor were stopped which became for Rome a declaration of war. Christians fled to Pella across the Jordan
- 66AD Nero orders Vespasian to Israel
- 67AD Josephus surrenders to Vespasian
- 67AD Peter crucified upside-down? (possible 60 years old)
- 67AD Paul beheaded? (possible 58 years old)
- 67AD Linus friend of Paul’s becomes Pope [11 years] he issued a decree that women should cover their heads in church, created the first fifteen bishops
- 67AD Nero’s starts his persecution across a vast multitude, were convicted, not so much of the crime of starting the fire that burnt Rome as of hatred of the human race. And in their deaths they were made the subjects of sport; for they were wrapped in the hides of wild beasts and torn to pieces by dogs, or nailed to crosses, or set on fire to serve for nocturnal lights.
68AD Nero dies
- Jerusalem besieged by the Roman General Vespasian
- Roman Emperor Galba
- Roman Emperor Otto (3 months)
- Roman Emperor Vitellius
- Vespasian leaves his son Titus to finish war
- Roman Emperor Vespasian
- Jerusalem Temple destroyed by Titus 70AD
- Centres of Christianity move to Antioch, Rome and Alexandria 70AD
- Matthew writes his Gospel [Q] 72AD
- Masada falls 73AD
- John writes Revelation 74AD
- Luke writes his Gospel [Q] 75AD
- Luke writes Acts 7AD
- John freed from Patmos goes to Ephesus 77AD
- Linus 2nd Pope dies a martyr buried on Vatican Hill next to Peter. 79AD
- 79AD Anacletus become pope – set up 25 parishes in Rome
- 79AD Roman Emperor Vespasian dies
- 79AD Pomprii destroyed by Vesuvius eruption
- John writes his letters 80AD
- 81AD Roman Emperor Titus dies of a fever
- 81AD Roman Emperor Domitian murders thousands of Christians
- Clement becomes Pope – he asserts the apostolic authority and hierarchy of the bishops as rulers of the church, 88AD
- John writes his Gospel teaches Ignatius, ordained Polycarp bishop of Smyrna 90AD
- 94AD Domitian’s Christian persecution
- 96AD Murder of Emperor Domitian
- 96AD Roman Emperor Nerva considered a Good Emperor
- 98AD Roman Emperor Trajan, rules for 19 years
- John dies in Ephesus (possible 84 years old) 97AD
- 88AD Clement made pope in Rome
- Clement banished to work in a stone quarry at Chersonesus 99AD.
- Ignatius Bishop of Lugdunum in Gaul, teaches the deity of Jesus as possessed both of flesh and spirit; both made and not made; God existing in flesh; true life in death; both of Mary and of God; first passible (suffer) and then impassible. Coined the phrase “Catholic Church”, serve as a Bishop of Antioch, succeeding Saint Peter and St. Evodius. 100AD
- Clement martyred, tied to an anchor and thrown into the Black Sea 101AD
- Ignatius third bishop of Antioch martyred in facing Wild Beasts 107AD
- When asked by Pliny the Younger how to deal with Christians in the Asian provinces, Trajan replied that they should not be actively pursued. However, they could be punished if they were publicly criticized and refused to abandon their beliefs. 112AD
- The Jews in Egypt, Palestine, Africa and Cyprus rebel against Roman rule 115AD
- Trajan puts down these rebellions with unusual cruelty and in 117AD dies .
- 117–138; Hadrian rules Rome codifies Roman law, rebuilds Pantheon, establishes postal system, 122 builds wall between England and Scotland.
- 122–130; Jews revolt under Bar Kokhba, capture Jerusalem and set up an independent state of Israel, final Diaspora (dispersion) of Jews begins.
- 130 Jerusalem rebuilt by Hadrian in Roman style, Jews allowed in one day a year
- 132 Emperor Hadrian’s empire wide ban on circumcision, his intention to build a temple to Jupiter Capitolinus on the site of the previous Jerusalem Temple. Judaism without a homeland for 70 generations until the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948
- 132 Justin Martyr: 1st Christian Theologian and Philosopher
- 135 Jerusalem again totally destroyed Christian church scattered
- 136 All Bishops were now all Greek named before they were Jewish
- 156 Polycarp (@87) martyred “How then can I blaspheme my King and Saviour? You threaten me with a fire that burns for a season, and after a little while is quenched; but you are ignorant of the fire of everlasting punishment that is prepared for the wicked.” Polycarp was burned at the stake and was pierced with a spear for refusing to burn incense to the Roman Emperor.
- 161–180 Marcus Aurelius rules Rome.
- 165 Death of Justin Martyr Born Gentile in Israel foremost interpreter of the theory of the Logos (@65) an early theologian who sought to relate and explain the gospel through Greek philosophical concepts.
- 220 ≈ Goths invade Asia Minor). Roman persecutions of Christians increase. Persian (Sassanid) empire re-established. End of Chinese Han dynasty.
- 249 Decius becomes Emperor of Rome. orders persecution of Christians and make emperor-worship compulsory, he rules until 251.
- 250 Increasing invasions of the Roman empire by Franks and Goths.
- 301 Armenia becomes the world’s first country to officially adopt Christianity as the state religion.
- 303 Diocletian orders Roman forces to persecute Christians. He orders Christian churches closed throughout the Empire and scriptures burn
- 306 Emperor Constantine I in the western half of the empire
- 312 28thOctober Constantine battles for Rome after placing a cross on the shields of his soldiers
- 312–337 Constantine the Great rules reunites Roman empires,
- 313; Constantine issues Edict of Milan legalizing Christianity to spread unmolested in the empire
- 325 May 20thCouncil of Nicaea, Turkey (40m south of Istanbul), (1800 bishops were invited 1000 in east, 800 in west) about 318 [+5 attendees = <2000] attended, This first ecumenical council was to attain consensus in the church through an assembly representing all of Christendom, Settle the issue of the nature of the Son of God and his relationship to God the Father creating the first creed
The council needed to resolve over the nature of the Son in his relationship to the Father: in particular, whether the Son had been ‘begotten’ by the Father from his own being, and therefore having no beginning, or else created out of nothing, and therefore having a beginning. St. Alexander and Athanasius took the first position; the popular presbyter Arius, took the second. The council decided against the Arians 315-3.
Alexander maintained that the Son was divine in just the same sense that the Father is, co-eternal with the Father, else he could not be a true Son. Arius emphasized the supremacy and uniqueness of God the Father, meaning that the Father alone is almighty and infinite, and that therefore the Father’s divinity must be greater than the Son’s. The view that God or Jesus were ‘mutable or subject to change’ was rejected to maintain that the Son just like the Father was beyond any form of weakness or corruptibility,
Agreement on when to celebrate Easter,
Gnostics believing Jesus was Spirit were kicked out of the church
- 337 Constantine defines orthodox Christian doctrine and becomes a Christian on his deathbed.